If you are considering orthodontic treatment, you will likely want to look into an expander lower jaw.
It will help you create a beautiful smile and avoid the need for dental work.
These appliances can be removed and replaced if necessary. After treatment, you can smile with confidence again!
Listed below are the pros and cons of these devices. Read on to learn more.
If you’re considering an expander, there are some things to consider.
Removable palatal expander
A palatal expander is a device that is worn to widen the space between the upper and lower jaws.
When properly adjusted, the expander can move the bone in the upper jaw.
You may experience pressure or tingling in your teeth while wearing the expander, but this discomfort should be short-lived.
Depending on the severity of your condition, you may also need additional treatment to achieve maximum results.
A palatal expander applies pressure to the jawbone for a few weeks or months.
The device gradually widens the upper jaw and the resulting space can be used to accommodate permanent teeth.
The expander can also adjust the shape of an existing smile.
The device is most effective for children under age five and adults under the age of 16 as the mouth and jaw become less malleable after that age.
If your jaw needs correction, however, you may not benefit from this treatment. Instead, you may need surgical treatment to achieve your goals.
Another option is a removable palatal expander. Removable expanders are removable, which makes them more convenient to wear.
Since they can be removed for cleaning and eating, they are great for minor adjustments.
For larger changes, however, a fixed appliance may be a better option. Both types of expanders have advantages and drawbacks.
Your orthodontist will advise you about which option is best for you.
A removable palatal expander is made of two pieces connected by a screw that fits over a few top teeth in the back of a child’s mouth.
The screws are turned in tiny increments each day using a special key. There is a specific protocol for turning the screw, but it is generally one turn a day up to a certain maximum.
Once adjusted, the expander puts pressure on the palatal bone and opens up the space for a new tooth.
Removable palatal expanders are effective for minor corrections in the jaw.
These expanders are similar to clear aligner trays with a screw in the middle.
The advantage of these expanders is that they require less time than a fixed expander.
They are also more convenient than fixed braces because they don’t need to be tightened every day.
There is also a slight risk of discomfort. Most patients don’t notice the expander.
TAD palatal expander
A TAD (temporary anchorage device) is an orthodontic appliance that helps widen the lower jaw.
It is placed between two teeth to help create the force necessary to open the sutures in the jaw.
This device is not glued to the teeth and results in healthier gum tissues. This device may help you correct your asymmetrical bite in less time than a traditional brace.
This device is designed for patients with high-angle cleft palates and is ideal for teens and adults.
TAD palatal expanders come in a variety of styles and colors. Most are made of colored plastic with a screw in the middle that is turned by the patient.
The expander will typically have a corresponding indicator arrow to help patients turn it.
Instructions come in the form of a printable PDF document, which outlines the correct way to turn the expander.
If you are using a TAD, be sure to follow all of the instructions carefully.
When the TAD palatal expander is applied to the lower jaw, you should expect some extra saliva to flow out of your mouth after the surgery.
This may interfere with your ability to speak for a few days. This is normal as the tongue is re-positioning to fit the bar.
In three to five days, your speech should return to normal. Once your speech has adjusted, you can resume normal activities.
The TAD palatal expander can be extremely uncomfortable for the patient, so you should avoid sticky or spicy foods for the first few days.
After surgery, you should continue your regular hygiene routine. Brush your teeth and gums, and avoid eating sticky foods and beverages.
Your mouth will feel sore for a few days, so you need to be careful while cleaning around the expander.
In addition to the discomfort caused by the TAD, there are many other risks associated with this treatment.
If you’re interested in a TAD, it’s important to note that there’s an age limit to this procedure.
While it is possible to use the TAD during childhood, the maxillary suture fuses after you reach the age of fourteen.
That means the best time to use a TAD is when you’re young enough to get it done.
For adults who are 14 or older, TADs are ideal for treating a range of problems, including crooked or missing teeth.
MSE palatal expander
If your child suffers from undersized jaw, an MSE palatal expander may be the answer.
This device can help improve your child’s bite, smile, and self-confidence. Unlike braces, this treatment does not require surgery.
Patients with undersized jaws are generally unable to wear dentures for more than a few months after surgery, so the procedure may take several years to see results.
After treatment with an MSE, patients may notice a change in facial structure.
The expansion pushes the cheekbones outwards. Although this is not a permanent change to facial structure, it is normal to see more prominent cheekbones after the expansion.
However, patients may still need to undergo teeth straightening procedures to correct this effect. Dr. Lena will discuss the changes you can expect with your specific case.
MSE palatal expander treatments are an option for patients who do not want or cannot have surgery.
Unlike braces, palatal expanders do not cause any invasive side effects.
Patients typically report that they were happy with the results, and their jaw alignment is improved.
Unlike braces, MSE palatal expander treatment can be performed safely on adults with skeletally mature jaws.
A crossbite is a common side effect of inadequate jaw space.
Because the mandible is not equal in width on either side, the left side of the jaw appears longer than the right side.
The result is that the chin does not fit in the center of the face. While this deviation is temporary in growing children, it can be permanent for adults.
By restoring jaw width, patients are able to correct their jaws and achieve better nasal breathing.
After the procedure, the MSE palatal expander lower jaw is secured on the roof of the mouth using micro screws.
The patient turns the key daily, and then the device will expand the suture between the jawbones.
After six months, the gap will close by itself. However, the MSE palatal expander must remain in place until the lower jawbones have healed.
This timeframe allows the jawbones to grow back together.
RPE rapid palatal expander
The rapid palatal expander, or RPE, is a small device that can be worn by children to expand the upper jaw.
Using a special key, a child’s dentist will adjust the device by turning it a small number of times per day.
The frequency at which the screw is turned depends on a variety of factors.
In most cases, however, it is one turn per day up to a certain number of turns.
During the procedure, a wire that is attached to the device will be inserted into a small hole in the expander screw.
The wire is either plastic or a piece of wire. The dentist will provide you with the key and you will need to hold it in your hand while the procedure is taking place.
Make sure that the wire is attached to a string to prevent it from falling down the patient’s throat.
The rapid palatal expander is not painful, but it does cause pressure to the teeth.
This pressure lasts for four to five minutes. The patient may experience some pain when eating and speaking. If the pain persists, take a pain reliever.
The RPE must be turned at least one turn each day, morning and evening. Afterward, the patient will need to visit the dentist for a check-up.
The rapid palatal expander is a customized appliance that is attached to the upper back teeth.
It will widen the upper jaw and arch over time. This appliance is placed on the roof of the mouth, which will gradually reposition the jaw, allowing the upper molars to fit in the new space.
Eventually, new bone will fill the space. The RPE is a great way to correct the cross-bite problem.
An RPE can be customized to fit the individual needs of each patient. If the upper molars are positioned inside the lower molars, the condition is known as crossbite.
An expander will open the upper arch and correct this misalignment.
Another treatment option is crowding, which occurs when teeth do not have enough space to erupt properly.
A RPE can help create space between the upper and lower molars without the need for tooth extractions.